Abstract For a university to function effectively, heads of department should provide instructional leadership. Where instructional leadership activities are performed, output of lecturers and academic performance of students are most likely to improve. The purpose of this research was, therefore to find out various instructional leadership practices of departmental heads in the University for Development Studies, Wa Campus. The research explored the following areas: (1) lecture planning organization and delivery (2) heads’ of department evaluation of lecturers performance (3) staff development programme being put in place by heads of department to develop the lecturers (4) heads of department supervision of lecturers performance and (5) leadership styles being used by the heads of department. Descriptive design was used for the study. A questionnaire was used to collect data from lecturers. The total population was 204. A total of 60 respondents formed the sample. This consisted of 47 male and 13 female lecturers drawn from the Faculties and the School on the Wa Campus.