Effects of Artisanal Gold-mining on Crop Production System in Tangandougou Commune, Mal

Authors

  • Mahamadou Moussa Keita 1Rural Polytechnic Institute for Training and Applied Research of Katibougou, Koulikoro, Mali. 2Department of Environmental Science, Egerton University, Njoro Campus, Nakuru, Kenya 3Dryland Research Training and Ecotourism Centre, Chemeron, Baringo, Kenya
  • George Morara Ogendi Department of Environmental Science, Egerton University, Njoro Campus, Nakuru, Kenya 3Dryland Research Training and Ecotourism Centre, Chemeron, Baringo, Kenya

Keywords:

agriculture, crop, vegetables, gold-mining, Mali

Abstract

Agricultural production in Tangandougou Commune, Mali, is mainly subsistence and dominated
by cereals and vegetable crops production. Land uses under communally property right involve
conflict in many developing countries in Sub-Saharan Africa region. Mali has limited arable land
that faces a lot of pressure from the competing interests including subsistence crop production,
livestock production, and mining among others. In the study area, the two main forms of
competing land uses include subsistence crop production and artisanal gold-mining. It is against
this background that this study was conceived to assess the effects of artisanal gold-mining on
subsistence crop production among households in Tangandougou area, Sikasso Region, Mali. The
study was conducted using a household survey through use a structured questionnaire that was
administered on 200 households that were selected using proportionate stratified random
sampling. Other research instruments used in this study included focus group discussion, key
informant interviews and observation check-lists. Data was analyzed using descriptive and
inferential statistics (Chi-Square, and Logit model). Our results showed that gold-mining had
significant influence on cereals production (2 = 13.99; p = 0.000); vegetable crops (2 = 48.89; p =
0.000); compost production (2 = 61.635; p = 0.000) but not fodder production (2 =1.047; p = 0.498).
Regression results showed that gold-mining negatively affected vegetables crops and compost
production thus driving households out of agriculture. We recommend adoption of integrated and
holistic land use models that embrace environmental and food security aspects for improved
human and environmental health

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Published

2021-09-30

How to Cite

Keita, M. M. ., & Ogendi, G. M. . (2021). Effects of Artisanal Gold-mining on Crop Production System in Tangandougou Commune, Mal. ADRRI Journal of Physical and Natural Sciences, 4(2 (4) July -September), 1-10. Retrieved from https://journals.adrri.org/index.php/adrrijpns/article/view/689