Assessing the Factors that are Associated with difficulty in Remembering (memory loss) employing Ordinal Logistic Regression model to WHO Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) Ghana data – Wave 1
Keywords:difficulty, remembering, memory loss, ordinal, logistic
Difficulty in remembering among the aged population is on the ascendency and poses a huge public health problem in both developed and developing countries across the entire globe This study seeks to find out the factors that are associated with dementia among the aged population in Ghana. The data used for this study is from WHO study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) Ghana – Wave 1. This was based on the question that was asked of respondents to indicate in the last 30 days how much difficulty they have in concentrating or remembering where the outcome variable is ordinal. The proportional odds model was employed in this study. The results indicate that about 58% of the aged population in Ghana have some difficulty in remembering. Females are more susceptible in having difficulty in remembering than males (52.7% females compared with 47.3% males). Females with mild (55.7%) and severe (8.8%) difficulty in remembering exceeds that of males; 47.8% and 4.3% respectively. The results further show that women who are widowed, divorced or separated have more difficulty in remembering than those who are married. Adults with higher levels of education tend to have much remembrance ability than those with lower levels of education. People of Akan descend have poor remembrance than other ethnic groupings. The Pearson Chi-Square showed a significant association between the variables (sex, marital status, level of education, religion and ethnicity) and difficulty in remembering at . From the ordinal logistic regression model, sex, marital status and ethnicity are statistically significant positive predictor of difficulty in remembering . Over half of aged population in Ghana have difficulty in remembering and it is more severe and predominant among females than males. It is therefore important to enhance female education as well as strengthening cultural values that bond families together.