Fraud vulnerability of Kenya’s National Identity Card System


  • Joel Cherus
  • Kageni Njagi
  • Jason Githeko
  • Joseph Siror



Modern crimes such as terrorism, money laundering and illegal immigration are majorly committed by
individuals who falsify their identities by forging identification documents. One such document that is a
target of forgery in Kenya is the national identity card. Research has shown that thousands of national
identity cards in use today are not genuine. An understanding of the challenges that make identity card
systems vulnerable to fraud may help in developing specifications for secure identification systems. This
study investigated design and functional weaknesses inherent in Kenya’s national identity card system
and proposed potential areas for future research. A survey was carried out on Kenya’s second generation
identity card system. This involved interviewing system administrators and users of Civil Identification
System, Automatic Fingerprint Identification System and Production System, observing processes at the
field registration stations and studying relevant documentation. The survey revealed that the national
identity card system is challenged by existing manual processes, outdated technology and its
architectural design. It is hoped that these findings will assist relevant experts in developing effective and
secure national identity card systems.


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How to Cite

Cherus, J., Njagi, . K., Githeko, J., & Siror, J. (2014). Fraud vulnerability of Kenya’s National Identity Card System. ADRRI Journal of Engineering and Technology, 2(2), 64-71.