Optimal Load Scheduling Using Genetic Algorithm to Improve the Load Profile
Keywords:optimal load scheduling, smart grid, demand response, real time pricing signal, peak to average ratio, genetic algorithm
Stability and protection of the electrical power systems are always of primary concern. Stability can be affected mostly by increase in the load demand. Power grids are overloaded in peak hours so more power generation units are required to cope the demand. Increase in power generation is not an optimal solution. With the enlargement in Smart grid (SG), it becomes easier to correlate the consumer demand and available power. The most significant featutre of smart grid is demand response (DR) which is used to match the demand of available electrical energy and shift the peak load into off peak hours to improve the economics of energy and stability of grid stations. Presently we used Genetic algorithm (GA) to schedule the load via real time pricing signal (RTP). Load is categorized depending on their energy requirement, operational constraint and duty cycle. We conclude that GA provides optimal solution for scheduling of house hold appliances by curtailing overall utilized energy cost and peak to average ratio hence improving the load profile.