Rubber-Gum Resist Technique

Authors

  • Samuel Kwabena Donkor Department of Fashion Design and Textiles Studies, Tamale Technical University, Northern Region-Ghana
  • Irene Ocran Department of Fashion Design and Textiles Studies, Tamale Technical University, Northern Region-Ghana
  • Barakatu Ismail Department of Industrial Arts, Tamale Technical University, Northern Region Ghana

Keywords:

latex material, ammonia solution, polyvinyl acetate, degumming

Abstract

Resist fabric dyeing has become a fundamental aspect of textile colouration in most regions in Ghana.
The most practised resist dyeing technique which happens to be Batik has become an integral part of
resist fabric dyeing in Ghana and most parts of the globe. This paper provides a general working
procedure for the rubber-gum resist technique, materials used and the distinct creativity in rendering
the aesthetically pleasing resist fabric design results. This study employed the experimental and
descriptive research approach under the qualitative research design. The resist agent is prepared with
three respective materials; the addition of ammonia solution prevents the latex material from
coagulating, in that; it maintains the liquid state of the material. The polyvinyl acetate also acts as a
supporting agent for the latex material in adhering to the textile and it also thickens the solution since
the resist material should be of a higher viscosity in order not to run off the screen during the printing
process. The study further revealed that there are some suggested areas which other researchers can
embark on. These gabs are replacing the turpentine solution (degumming agent) with an alternative
solvent because it deposits an unpleasant smell in the fabric after degumming process and also the
scraping process weaken the tensile strength of the fabric due to the abrasion effect caused by the use
of a spatula.

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Published

2021-09-30

How to Cite

Donkor, S. K. ., Ocran, I. ., & Ismail, B. . (2021). Rubber-Gum Resist Technique. ADRRI Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 18(2 (6) July-September), 46-65. Retrieved from https://journals.adrri.org/index.php/adrrijass/article/view/702