Human Settlement in High-Risk Floodplains in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review

Authors

  • Justice Agyei Ampofo Judicial Service of Ghana
  • Ebenezer Owusu Sekyere University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana
  • Raymond Adongo University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana

Keywords:

Human settlement, floodplains, Developing Countries, systematic review

Abstract

Human settlements and modes of production and land use have changed in composition and form over time. Their scale and ecological impact have certainly increased. Flood risk is increasing significantly in many parts of Ghana due to population growth in the floodplains, leading to significant changes in land use and/or climate change impacts. The objective of this review was to examine and synthesize human settlements in high-risk floodplains in developing countries such as Ghana, by reviewing potential literature. The Web of Science (WoS) and Scopus electronic journal databases were the primary sources of information for this review. Articles published in recent years on human settlement in high-risk floodplains in developing countries are sufficient to contribute to a better understanding of the appropriate technologies to be used to solve current environmental problems. Exposure and vulnerability to flood risk are of great concern to both city authorities and residents. Urban planning and development, poor and inadequate drainage facilities, poor environmental attitudes, and extreme rainfall are the main causes of flooding in Ghana. The consequences of these factors are physical costs, economic costs, high levels of participation, reduced economic activity, ecological costs, and psychological effects: psychological distress; society discriminates against residents; and worry. The response strategy is an important measure of a community's ability to respond to flooding. In most cities, people are forced to live in illegal settlements located in dangerous locations, such as flood-prone areas, due to low-income levels, lack of access to limited resources, and lack of good governance. The study recommends that the government, at various levels, has an important role to play in preparing vulnerable communities for future flood risks, which are expected to increase in frequency and intensity

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Published

2024-03-31

How to Cite

Ampofo, J. A. ., Sekyere Owusu, E. ., & Adongo, R. . (2024). Human Settlement in High-Risk Floodplains in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review. ADRRI Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 21(2 (9), January 2024-March,2024), 1-15. Retrieved from https://journals.adrri.org/index.php/adrrijass/article/view/1080