Mining Security Operations in Ghana: a Study of Selected Mining Firms


  • Kwadwo Kyei Ofori University of Education Winneba, Ghana.
  • Maxwell Acheampong


mining security, security actors, state security actors, non-state security, socio-economic development


The study looked at how mining companies in Ghana may improve security operations to support socioeconomic development. The study randomly selected 1082 security employees from the chosen mining enterprises. According to the sampling ratio suggested by Alreck and Settle (2004), 20% of a population between 1000 and 10,000 is adequate. Therefore, the 200 security employees from the five chosen mining companies in Ghana served as the sample population for this study. 57 employees from Newmont, 31 from Ghana Bauxite, 19 from Ghana Manganese, and 18 from Future Global Resource are among the employees of Anglogold Ashanti. Questionnaires were used in the study to collect data. 200 participants, or 68% of the total, provided data for the study. In order to analyze the data, frequency tables, pie charts,, bar charts, percentages, and line graphs. According to the survey, not all mining companies have fully implemented security infrastructure. Therefore, when there may be CCTV, there may not be GPS, electronic fence, or sufficient security doors and gates. It was also shown that the relevant mining enterprises experienced significant difficulties, particularly when the community felt mistreated or unsafe by the mining firms. The study suggests that the mining industries should invest in the development of a well-resourced security infrastructure so that the security actors can share equal responsibility for warding off criminals, protecting company assets, and protecting employees. It also suggests that mining laws should be enforced to support the socioeconomic activities of these mining sites.



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Author Biographies

Kwadwo Kyei Ofori, University of Education Winneba, Ghana.



Maxwell Acheampong






How to Cite

Ofori, K. K. ., & Acheampong, M. . (2023). Mining Security Operations in Ghana: a Study of Selected Mining Firms. ADRRI Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 20(2 (8), April, 2022- June), 83-111. Retrieved from