Ethics in journal publication involves a series of coordinated steps to ensure the integrity of the process. Authors bear the responsibility of adhering to the ethical code of conduct that governs researchers at every stage of publication. International committees, comprised of editors, provide a set of guidelines defining publication ethics and best practices. These guidelines not only offer advice to editors on handling instances of research and publication misconduct but also establish a framework for ethical authorship. Key publication ethics that authors should consider during manuscript preparation are outlined below.
Authorship Responsibility: Authors listed on journal articles must ensure that they have made a significant contribution to the reported work. This contribution may include aspects such as research design, data acquisition, or data analysis. As an author or co-author, individuals are accountable for the content of the article.
Plagiarism Avoidance: Authors must take precautions to prevent plagiarism in their work. When referencing or citing another person's work, it is essential to clearly mark verbatim or word-for-word texts with quotation marks. Proper referencing of the sources of clear quotations within the text and in the reference section is mandatory. Permission from the original publishers is required when using previously published figures or tables.
Avoidance of Self-Plagiarism: Authors should refrain from the redundant reuse of their own work without proper citation, as it creates repetition in the academic literature. Proper citation is necessary when discussing one's own previous work.
Data Fabrication/Falsification: Maintaining accuracy in data is crucial as it represents the foundation of research. Cases of data fabrication will undergo evaluation by the editors of ADRRI Journal, and authors may be requested to provide supporting raw data if necessary. Editorial Board Members may be involved in the evaluation process. Papers will not be accepted if allegations of data fabrication are substantiated, or if explanations provided are deemed unconvincing.
Disclosure of Competing Interests: Authors with any form of competing interest must transparently disclose such information. This includes details such as sources of research funding, direct or indirect financial support, supply of equipment or materials, or any other support. Papers or manuscripts may be rejected if authors fail to disclose competing interests upon submission. It is imperative to inform all co-authors once papers have been submitted.