Value Chain Analysis of Tilapia in the Eastern and Greater Accra Regions of Ghana
Keywords:Ghana, tilapia, profitability, value chain
The value added along the tilapia value chain is hardly defined in Ghana, and as such, the benefits associated with the various costs along the chain are not fully documented and realized. The study sought to assess and analyze the tilapia value chain by assessing the profile of the actors, existing linkages and value added at each stage of the chain. Also, the profitability of chain activities pertaining to tilapia as well as constraints faced by the actors in the pursuit of their business were determined. The study was carried out in the Eastern and Greater Accra regions of Ghana and primary data was collected from 100 respondents, made up of 40 tilapia producers (farmers), 30 tilapia processors and 30 tilapia distributors. Returns on Investment (ROI), Net Farm Incomes (NFI) and profit margins were estimated and used to measure the distribution of benefit along the chain. Actors along the tilapia value chain were found to add a substantial amount of value, with producers contributing the highest (GHS 2449.65). Also, returns were found to be unequally distributed along the chain with producers having the greatest margin of 5.17/kg. The determinants of profitability for actors include pond size, belonging to an association, time of harvesting, extension officer visits, farm ownership, gender, experience, availability of a ready supplier, ability to buy tilapia on credit, household size, experience and premium.