Knowledge and Perception of Hypertension and Diabetes Among Persons Resident in Local Communities in Rural Ghana
Keywords:diabetes, hypertension, perception, local communities, knowledge, co-morbidity, shai-osudoku
This study examined the knowledge and perceptions about hypertension and diabetes of local residents in rural Ghana. A total of fifty four (54) participants were interviewed, these were made up of thirty four (34) who were neither diabetic nor hypertensive and twenty (20) who were either diabetic or hypertensive or both. Among the major findings of the study were that, respondents’ understanding of diabetes and hypertension is mainly derived from the local names of diabetes and hypertension; participants identified the media as the most common sources of information about diabetes and hypertension; 48.0% and 38.8% of the responses referred to the use of sugar content of one’s urine through tasting of the urine and ants gathering around one’s urine respectively to indicate their knowledge of signs and symptoms of developing diabetes. However, majority of the participants lack any knowledge about signs and symptoms of developing hypertension. Based on the findings, it is recommended that Ghana Health Service in collaboration with National Media Commission to regulate all diabetes and hypertension programmes in the media, including advertisements on these diseases to ensure that the right information is given to the general public.