Exploring the State of Human Insecurity in Nigeria: The Root Causes of The Farmers-Herdsmen Conflict in Benue State and Its Manifestation on The Livelihood of Rural Farmers and Pastoralists

The Significance of Capital Formation on Agricultural Entrepreneurship Development in Zimbabwe: A Case Study of A1 Farmers in Mashonaland West Province
February 28, 2019

Exploring the State of Human Insecurity in Nigeria: The Root Causes of The Farmers-Herdsmen Conflict in Benue State and Its Manifestation on The Livelihood of Rural Farmers and Pastoralists

Abstract

Benue state is one of the states in Nigeria, which is wrapped up in conflicts. The intermittent clashes between herdsmen and farmers in the state prompted the researcher to investigate the causes and effects of the conflicts in the state. To arrive at these, a mixed method approached was used where both qualitative and quantitative data was collected. Respondents were drawn from nine local governments which were affected by the conflict. Simple random sampling was used to select ten heads of communities from each Local Government. The total sample size stood at ninety (90) persons. The data gathered and analysed revealed that the rapid climatic changes, cattle rustling, religious and ethnic dichotomies and the scramble over cultivable and grazing fields were the main causes of the conflict which resulted in the death of over four thousand people, displacement of over half a million persons, gang

DOWNLOAD FULL ARTICLE