Abstract This article provides an alternative examination of the causes of the Liberian civil war from 1980 to 2003. I employed a constructivist epistemology and qualitative study based upon fieldwork in different African cities interviewing Liberians outside and within Liberia. A purposive sampling of fourteen participants was selected. Mainly qualitative methodology and data collecting methods and instruments, involving semi-structured interviews, document and textual analysis, were used. The perceptions of these participants on the causes and possible solution to the endemic conflict in their homeland hold key perspectives that have hitherto been ignored in the whole debate about the Liberian civil war and its legacies. Finally, from the synthesized findings of the investigation, we concluded that the causes of the Liberian civil war are found in competition for scarce resources, marginalization, bad governance, weak legal framework, historical legacy, external factors, incessant political power struggles and the proliferation of small firearms entering the country.