Abstract Teacher attrition is worldwide especially in Africa including Ghana and it is of global concern to international agencies and governments. It was realised that some teachers in the Somanya Circuit of the Ghana Education Service (GES) were not motivated enough to stay and work for more than three years. A study was undertaken to examine the influence of teacher motivation on job performance and retention in the Somanya Circuit. The demographics of the teachers in the Somanya circuit of Yilo Krobo municipality was also determined. The researcher adopted the descriptive survey design using a Questionnaires on 170 teachers. The findings revealed that public school basic school teachers in the circuit were mostly females, aged 31 years and above, with majority having first degrees.