Traditional weaving of smock weaves in Ghana has been the preserve of the North and an art skill handed from generation to generation. This art of weaving has gained recognition in some areas such as Daboya, Yendi, Tamale, Paga, Bawku, Wa and Bolgatanga with notable colour significance and naming characteristic features. This paper seeks to identify the distinguishing characteristics between the indigenous and contemporary smock weaves in Bolgatanga in the Upper East Region of Ghana. It assesses the names and colours of selected indigenous and contemporary smock weaves and establishes the extrinsic and conceptual changes that have occurred over the years. As a case study based on ethnographic perspective of research, a smock market survey was conducted at smock and weaving centres in the Bolgatanga Municipality using observation and interview for data collection.