Reviewer’s Guide


ADRRI Journals’ Reviewers are encouraged to check manuscript (s) for plagiarism by passing the manuscript (s) through plagiarism test to enhance academic integrity.

Manuscript Submission

Authors are encouraged to submit manuscripts online via the Africa Development and Resources Research Institute Journal website or send to . Manuscript must be submitted in two folds (The main text without the author(s) details and a separate folder with author(s) details)Detailed instructions are available below.

ADRRI Journals are double blinded peer-reviewed, international, open-access and online journal published as the official journal of the Africa Development and Resources Research Institute (ADRRI), Ghana. The journals aim to publish papers of high quality and strives to promote scholarly debate across a broad international coverage of the subject. The subject areas cover all aspects of the environmental, economics, social, and cultural sustainability, including land resources, water resources, energy, agriculture, marine resources, ecology, environmental protection, health risks, education including technical and vocational, human relations, labour, social policy, corporate responsibility, law, governance, urban planning, transportation, products & services, management & marketing, human resources, purchasing, supply and procurement management, mathematics, aviation, accounting, financial development, economic development, technological development, public policy formulation, engineering, water, trade, medicine, hospitality and nutrition, poverty studies, gender studies, sustainable development, democracy and development through quality applied action research.

Evaluation of Manuscripts

Manuscript(s) will be considered for appropriateness to ADRRI Journals by the Deputy Editor-in-Chief or Editor -in- Chief with assistance from the other Editorial Board members. Those manuscripts considered appropriate will be sent to the Editorial Board members and outside experts for review; those not appropriate will be declined outright. The manuscript and referees reports are evaluated by an Editorial Board member, who recommends that the Editor-in- Chief either accept, reject, or return the manuscript to the authors for revision. A request for revision does not guarantee the article will be accepted for publication.

Duplicate Publication

Papers are considered for publication by ADRRI Journal on condition that they are not under consideration by another journal and no part of the manuscript has been published elsewhere (including in another language or as part of a book). Simultaneous submission to another journal is cause for immediate withdrawal of the manuscript from the review process.

Types of Articles

ADRRI Journals consider two types of submissions:

Articles. Articles are substantive, unsolicited contributions that report relevant investigations or observations within ADRRI Journal scope of interests. Abstracts are required and should not exceed 150-250 words. Figures and tables may be included, but data should not be repeated in both a table and a figure.

Book reviews. Book reviews are solicited by the Editor-in-Chief. Publishers should send one copy of the book they wish reviewed to the  ADRRI office. Please note, books will not be returned, and receipt of a book does not guarantee it will be reviewed. E-mail solicitations will be respectfully ignored.

Notice of Acceptance

The corresponding author for a manuscript accepted for publication will receive a formal letter of acceptance and publication agreement form to be signed by all authors. The letter will include any final revisions requested by the Editor and information on formatting the final submission according to ADRRI Journals guidelines. Please do not submit a final version of your manuscript until you have received these instructions. Once we have received the final version of your manuscript, (including all requisite electronic files) you will receive notice of editing and production schedules.


Unless the decision letter or reviews indicate otherwise, authors may not increase the length of the manuscript, or it will be returned to be shortened. Please include a cover letter with a point-by-point response to the referees comments and indicate any additional changes you have made.

Electronic Publication

Accepted articles are published in the electronic editions of ADRRI Journals. Abstracts and full papers are available in the electronic edition.


ADRRI Journals reserve the right to copyedit all manuscripts for clarity, conciseness, grammar, and journal style. Authors will have an opportunity to review editing changes in page proofs but must limit their alterations to correcting errors and clarifying misleading statements. The author will notify the corresponding author when proofs are available on the  ADRRI Journal website and will include instructions on how to download. Proofs must be returned to the ADRRI Journal by the designated deadline, to prevent publication delays or postponement of the manuscript to a later issue.

Formatting Electronic Files

Please adhere to the requirements below when submitting a new or revised manuscript via journal office email. If you do not follow these instructions, your submission cannot be processed and will not be received by the journal office.

Acceptable Formats

Microsoft Word (.doc)(any version that can be read by Word 2000 for Windows and above)

File Contents

Word documents should be submitted as a single file. Authors should submit figures not as separate files but within the text, in  GIF [.gif] or JPEG [.jpg]) format.

It is also important to reference and include the necessary style files (.sty) needed to compile your submission. Electronic versions of figures should be in TIFF or EPS (not GIF or JPEG) format.

In addition to the main manuscript file, submit your cover letter as a separate file in the same format as your main file. If you used any revision or editorial tracking tools in your word-processing program, be sure the final version of your manuscript does not contain tracked changes.

File Compression and Archives

If you have more than two files to upload into the system (e.g., manuscript, figures, and cover letter), we recommend you combine these files into an archive, so you upload only a single file when submitting the manuscript. If  you cannot create archives in these formats, you may still compress individual files to shorten upload time:

Revised and Final Versions of Manuscripts

If you are submitting a revised manuscript, please include your responses to the reviewers comments as part of the cover letter file. When submitting a revised manuscript with figures, include all figures, even if they have not changed since the previous version. The final version of your manuscript must be submitted in Word (doc.), and final versions of manuscripts, please observe the same formatting instructions outlined below.

General Specifications

Manuscripts must be written in English; authors must ensure their manuscript is grammatical and intelligible. The Editor may request that manuscripts not conforming to this guideline be rewritten.

Manuscripts should be double spaced throughout, excluding references, tables, and figure legends and should not exceed 14 pages.

Use 1-inch margins on all sides, and do not justify the right margin.

Number all pages consecutively beginning with the title page.

Begin each section of the manuscript on a separate page, as follows: title page, abstract, text, references, tables, figure legends, and figures.

Avoid unnecessary formatting for the sake of appearance; most formatting is discarded during conversion for editing, and overly complex formatting may interfere with conversion.

Use the Palatino Linotype 12-point font throughout the manuscript.

Title Page

The title page should include the following elements:

A concise, informative title

The names and affiliations of all authors

A short (running) title of no more than 40 characters and spaces

The name, mailing address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address of the author (or corresponding author, if more than one author)

Any acknowledgments to those who assisted the authors, placed in a footnote to the title.


All articles must include an abstract of not more than 150-250 words. The abstract will be used to find suitable reviewers for your manuscript and will be published in the ADRRI Journals electronic edition. Abstracts should be included within the body of the manuscript and must also be submitted within the appropriate field on the submission form.


Use special typefaces (boldface, italic, underlined, etc.) sparingly and only as necessary.

Avoid use of borders, rules, bullets, and indentations.

Use hard returns (the  key) only to end a heading or paragraph and begin a new one, not to end a line early or to make the right margin appear indented.

Do not use the  key to indent lists or reference entries; instead, change your software indent settings.

Do not employ any automatic numbering tool; all numbers appearing in your article must be explicitly typed in or they may drop out during conversion for editing.

Abbreviations. The use of abbreviations is discouraged, except for those considered standard. Abbreviations may be used if necessary but should appear in parentheses the first time they are used in the text.

Style. For spelling, authors should follow either the British or American conventions for spelling and punctuation.

Symbols and special characters. Any unusual symbols should be explained in the text. Foreign language spellings, diacritics, and transliterations are the responsibility of the author. Retain the conventions of the original language (i.e., do not disregard diacritical marks). Use transliteration systems consistently, and use the system regarded as standard for your discipline. If you must do otherwise, please explain why, either in the text or in a note.

  1. Any equation or mathematical expression of two levels or more should be set as a display equation that is, typed on a line by itself in the text, with space above and below. Equations should be numbered, with the number in parentheses at the right end of the line on which the display equation is set. Number all equations consecutively and consistently. To ensure your meaning is clear to the manuscript referees, be sure to use the correct special characters in all equations. If you are unable to produce the character you desire in your software program, be consistent in what you do use.


Documentation should be presented in author-date style, with all cited references collected in an alphabetical list titled References. This list should start a new page in the manuscript file. Every work cited in the text, notes, appendixes, tables, and figures must appear in the References; conversely, every work listed in the References should be cited in the text or elsewhere in the article. When all authors are the same, use a dash for subsequent entries and order those entries chronologically. When there are two or more publications by the same author(s) in the same year, list them alphabetically by title and use 2003a, 2003b.

In text, references should be cited in chronological order. For two authors, write out all the surname names of the authors. For three or more authors write the first author last name with et al. Cite references in text by last name of author and year, usually in parentheses.